Compressors, Fans & Blowers - Basic Fahimtar

Compressors, Fans da Blowers ana amfani da su sosai a masana'antu daban-daban.Waɗannan na'urori sun dace da ƙayyadaddun matakai kuma sun zama makawa ga wasu takamaiman aikace-aikace.An fayyace su cikin sassauƙan kalmomi kamar ƙasa:

  • Kwamfuta:Compressor inji ne wanda ke rage yawan iskar gas ko ruwa ta hanyar haifar da matsa lamba.Hakanan zamu iya cewa compressor yana matsawa wani abu ne kawai wanda yawanci gas ne.
  • Fans:Fan ita ce injin da ake amfani da shi don motsa ruwa ko iska.Ana sarrafa shi ta hanyar mota ta hanyar wutar lantarki wanda ke jujjuya ruwan wukake da ke manne da igiya.
  • Masu busa:Blower inji ne don motsa iska a matsakaicin matsa lamba.Ko kuma a sauƙaƙe, ana amfani da masu hurawa don hura iska/gaz.

Babban bambanci tsakanin na'urori uku na sama shine yadda suke motsawa ko watsa iska / gas da kuma haifar da matsa lamba na tsarin.An bayyana Compressors, Fans & Blowers ta ASME (Ƙungiyar Injin Injiniya ta Amurka) a matsayin rabon matsa lamba akan matsa lamba.Fans suna da takamaiman rabo har zuwa 1.11, masu busa daga 1.11 zuwa 1.20 da compressors suna da fiye da 1.20.

Nau'in Compressors

Nau'in damfara za a iya haɗa su zuwa biyu:Matsala Mai Kyau & Mai Sauƙi

Ingantattun compressors na ƙaura sun kasance iri biyu:Rotary da Maimaitawa

  • Nau'o'in damfara na Rotary sune Lobe, Screw, Ring Ring, Gungura, da Vane.
  • Nau'o'in damfara masu jujjuyawa sune diaphragm, wasan kwaikwayo sau biyu, da kuma yin guda ɗaya.

Za'a iya rarraba Compressors masu ƙarfi zuwa Centrifugal da Axial.

Bari mu fahimci waɗannan dalla-dalla.

Matsuguni masu inganci masu kyauyi amfani da tsarin da ke haifar da ƙarar iska a cikin ɗaki, sannan a rage ƙarar ɗakin don matsawa iska.Kamar yadda sunan ya nuna, akwai maɓalli na ɓangaren da ke rage ƙarar ɗakin ta hanyar matsawa iska / iskar gas.A daya bangaren kuma, a cikin amatsananci kwampreso, akwai canji a cikin saurin ruwa wanda ke haifar da kuzarin motsa jiki wanda ke haifar da matsa lamba.

Kwamfutoci masu jujjuyawa suna amfani da pistons inda matsa lamba na iska ya yi yawa, yawan iskar da ake sarrafa ba ta da ƙarfi kuma wanda ke da ƙarancin saurin kwampreso.Sun dace da matsakaici da matsakaicin matsa lamba da kuma adadin gas.A gefe guda, rotary compressors sun dace da ƙananan matsa lamba da matsakaici da kuma manyan kundin.Wadannan compressors ba su da pistons da crankshaft.Maimakon haka, waɗannan compressors suna da screws, vanes, scrolls da dai sauransu. Don haka za a iya ƙara rarraba su bisa ga sashin da aka sanya su.

Nau'in Rotary compressors

  • Gungura: A cikin wannan kayan aiki, ana matse iska ta amfani da karkace ko gungurawa biyu.Ɗayan littafi yana gyarawa kuma baya motsawa kuma ɗayan yana motsawa a cikin madauwari motsi.Iska yana kamawa a cikin karkace hanyar wannan sinadari kuma yana matsewa a tsakiyar karkace.Waɗannan sau da yawa suna tare da ƙira marasa mai kuma suna buƙatar ƙaramin kulawa.
  • Vane: Wannan ya ƙunshi vanes waɗanda ke motsawa ciki da waje a cikin abin motsa jiki kuma matsawa yana faruwa saboda wannan motsi mai faɗi.Wannan yana tilasta tururin zuwa ƙananan sassan ƙararrawa, yana canza shi zuwa babban matsa lamba da kuma tururi mai zafi.
  • Lobe: Wannan ya ƙunshi lobes guda biyu waɗanda ke juyawa cikin rufaffiyar akwati.Wadannan lobes suna gudun hijira tare da digiri 90 zuwa juna.Yayin da rotor ke jujjuyawa, ana jan iska zuwa gefen mashigai na kwandon silinda kuma ana tura shi da ƙarfi daga gefen fitarwa zuwa matsa lamba na tsarin.Ana isar da iskar da aka matsa zuwa layin bayarwa.
  • Screw: Wannan an sanye shi da screws guda biyu waɗanda ke kama iska tsakanin dunƙule da kwandon kwampreso, wanda ke haifar da matsi da isar da shi a matsa lamba mafi girma daga bawul ɗin bayarwa.The dunƙule compressors sun dace da inganci a cikin ƙananan buƙatun matsa lamba.Idan aka kwatanta da kwampreso mai jujjuyawar, isar da iskar iska tana ci gaba da kasancewa a cikin irin wannan nau'in kwampreso kuma yana da shuru cikin aiki.
  • Gungura: Nau'in gungurawa suna da naɗaɗɗen rubutu waɗanda babban mai motsi ke tafiyar da shi.Rubuce-rubucen da ke gefen waje suna kama iska sannan yayin da suke juyawa, iska tana tafiya daga waje zuwa ciki don haka suna samun matsewa saboda raguwa a wurin.Ana isar da iskar da aka matsa ta tsakiyar sararin gungura zuwa kamfanin jirgin sama na bayarwa.
  • Zoben ruwa: Wannan ya ƙunshi vanes waɗanda ke shiga ciki da waje a cikin abin motsa jiki kuma matsawa yana faruwa saboda wannan motsi na share fage.Wannan yana tilasta tururin zuwa ƙananan sassan ƙararrawa, yana canza shi zuwa babban matsa lamba da kuma tururi mai zafi.
  • A cikin irin wannan nau'in kwampreso vanes ana gina su a cikin kwandon siliki.Lokacin da motar ta juya, iskar gas yana matsawa.Sa'an nan kuma ana ciyar da ruwa galibi ruwa a cikin na'urar kuma ta hanyar haɓakawa na centrifugal, yana samar da zoben ruwa ta cikin vanes, wanda hakan ya haifar da ɗaki mai matsawa.Yana da ikon damfara dukkan iskar gas da tururi, har ma da ƙura da ruwa.
  • Maimaitawa Compressor

  • Kwamfutoci Masu Aiki Guda Guda:Yana da piston da ke aiki akan iska a hanya ɗaya kawai.Ana matse iskar a saman ɓangaren piston kawai.
  • Kwamfutoci Masu Aiki Biyu:Yana da saiti biyu na tsotsa/ci da bawul ɗin bayarwa a ɓangarorin piston.Ana amfani da ɓangarorin biyu na piston wajen matsawa iska.
  • Matsaloli masu ƙarfi

    Babban bambanci tsakanin matsawa da matsawa mai ƙarfi shine cewa mai sarrafa motsi yana aiki a koyaushe yana gudana, yayin da kwampreso mai ƙarfi kamar Centrifugal da Axial yana aiki a matsa lamba akai-akai kuma aikin su yana shafar yanayin waje kamar canje-canje a yanayin yanayin shiga da sauransu A cikin. axial compressor, iskar gas ko ruwa yana gudana a layi daya zuwa axis na juyawa ko axially.Kwampressor ne mai jujjuyawa wanda zai iya ci gaba da danna iskar gas.Wuraren injin damfara axial sun fi kusanci da juna.A cikin na'urar kwampreso ta centrifugal, ruwa yana shiga daga tsakiyar abin motsa jiki, kuma yana motsawa ta waje ta kewaye ta hanyar ɓangarorin jagora don haka yana rage gudu da ƙara matsa lamba.An kuma san shi da turbo compressor.Suna da inganci kuma abin dogara compressors.Duk da haka, da matsawa rabo ne kasa da axial compressors.Hakanan, centrifugal compressors sun fi dogaro idan API (Cibiyar Man Fetur ta Amurka) ana bin ka'idoji 617.

    Nau'in magoya baya

    Dangane da ƙirar su, waɗannan sune manyan nau'ikan magoya baya:

  • Magoya bayan Centrifugal:
  • A cikin wannan nau'in fan, motsin iska yana canza alkibla.Za su iya zama karkata, radial, mai lankwasa gaba, mai lankwasa baya da sauransu. Irin waɗannan magoya baya sun dace da yanayin zafi mai zafi da ƙananan da matsakaicin tsayin ruwa a babban matsi.Ana iya amfani da waɗannan da kyau don gurbataccen iska.
  • Axial Fans:A cikin irin wannan nau'in fan, babu wani canji a yanayin tafiyar da iska.Za su iya zama Vanaxial, Tubeaxial, da Propeller.Suna samar da ƙananan matsa lamba fiye da magoya bayan Centrifugal.Magoya bayan Propeller suna da ikon girman matakan kwarara a matsi mai rauni.Magoya bayan Tube-axial suna da ƙananan matsa lamba / matsakaici da ƙarfin kwarara.Magoya bayan Vane-axial suna da madaidaicin mashiga ko fita jagorar vanes, suna nuna babban matsa lamba da matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaicin matsakaici.
  • Saboda haka, compressors, magoya, da masu hurawa, sun fi mayar rufe Municipal, Manufacturing, Oil & Gas, Mining, Agriculture Industry for su daban-daban aikace-aikace, sauki ko hadaddun a cikin yanayi.The iska kwarara da ake bukata a cikin tsari tare da bukatar fitarwa matsa lamba ne key dalilai kayyade. zabin nau'in da girman fan.Ƙirar fan da ƙirar bututu kuma sun ƙayyade yadda za su iya aiki yadda ya kamata.

    Masu busa

    Blower kayan aiki ne ko na'urar da ke ƙara saurin iska ko iskar gas lokacin da aka wuce ta cikin na'urori masu ƙarfi.Ana amfani da su galibi don kwararar iska / iskar gas da ake buƙata don gajiya, sha'awar, sanyaya, iska, isar da sako da sauransu. Ana kuma fi sani da Blower da Centrifugal Fans a masana'antu.A cikin na'urar busa, matsi na shigarwa yana da ƙasa kuma ya fi girma a wurin.Ƙarfin motsi na ruwan wukake yana ƙara matsa lamba na iska a wurin fita.Ana amfani da busa galibi a masana'antu don matsakaicin buƙatun matsa lamba inda matsa lamba ya fi fan kuma ƙasa da kwampreso.

    Nau'in Masu Busa:Hakanan za'a iya rarraba masu busa a matsayin Centrifugal da masu busa ƙaura mai kyau.Kamar magoya baya, masu busawa suna amfani da ruwan wukake a cikin ƙira iri-iri kamar mai lankwasa baya, lankwasa gaba da radial.Motocin lantarki ne ke tuka su.Zasu iya zama guda ɗaya ko raka'a masu yawa kuma suna amfani da matsananciyar gudu don ƙirƙirar saurin iska ko wasu iskar gas.

    Nagartaccen busa ƙaura suna kama da famfunan PDP, wanda ke matse ruwa wanda hakan ke ƙara matsi.Irin wannan nau'in busawa an fi so a kan na'urar busar centrifugal inda ake buƙatar matsa lamba a cikin tsari.

    Aikace-aikace na compressors, magoya baya da masu hurawa

    Ana amfani da compressors, Fans da masu hurawa mafi yawa don matakai irin su Gas Compression, Ruwan Jiyya Aeration, Iskar iska, Gudanar da kayan aiki, bushewar iska da dai sauransu. da Abin sha, Masana'antar Gabaɗaya, Gilashin Gilashi, Asibitoci / Likitanci, Ma'adinai, Magunguna, Filastik, Samar da Wutar Lantarki, Kayayyakin katako da sauran su.

    Babban fa'idar damfarar iska ya haɗa da amfani da shi a cikin masana'antar sarrafa ruwa.Maganin sharar ruwa tsari ne mai rikitarwa wanda ke buƙatar rushe miliyoyin ƙwayoyin cuta da kuma sharar kwayoyin halitta.

    Hakanan ana amfani da magoya bayan masana'antu a aikace-aikace iri-iri kamar sinadarai, likitanci, motoci,noma,hakar ma'adinai, sarrafa abinci, da masana'antu na gine-gine, wanda kowannensu zai iya amfani da magoya bayan masana'antu don tsarin su.Ana amfani da su a yawancin aikace-aikacen sanyaya da bushewa.

    Ana amfani da na'urar busar centrifugal akai-akai don aikace-aikace kamar sarrafa ƙura, samar da iska mai ƙonewa, akan sanyaya, tsarin bushewa, don injin gado na ruwa tare da tsarin isar da iska da sauransu. da haɓaka iskar gas, da kuma motsin iskar kowane iri a cikin masana'antar petrochemical.

  • Don ƙarin tambaya ko taimako, da fatan za a iya tuntuɓar mu.

Lokacin aikawa: Janairu-13-2021

Aiko mana da sakon ku:

Ku rubuta sakonku anan ku aiko mana